Links | Linux


The following is a collection of Linux resources and applications
to help aid in the propagation and administration of the OS.


  • To make a symbolic link = ln -s filename linkname
  • To make file executable = chmod -x filename
  • To compress file = tar -zcvf filename files/directory
  • To uncompress file = tar -zxvf file.tar OR gunzip file.gz OR gunzip < file.tar.gz(tgz) | tar xvf - OR gtar xvzf file.tar.gz(tgz)
  • To mount directory file share = mount -t cifs //pc/share /mnt/destination -o username=uname,password=pass
  • To find a file = find / -name filename
  • To watch/re-run program = watch -n seconds (command)
  • To watch end of file as it grows = tail -f filename
  • To watch end of file as it grows, only displaying lines with keyword = tail -f filename | grep keyword
  • To get a list of installed packages = dpkg --get-selections
  • To make profile changes = edit the .bash files in your profile
  • To add additional ip to nic = add to /etc/network/interfaces interface settings for eth0:1
  • To add static route = add to /etc/network/interfaces up route add -net xxx.xxx.xxx.0/xx gw xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx dev eth0
  • SNMP Config - Net-SNMP
  • ifconfig, iftop, ifupdown, ip route, route, net, netstat, htop, ps aux, ps aux | grep java

Batch Files

  • To sync time = #!/bin/bash...ntpdate pool.ntp.org
  • To run php file = #!/bin/bash...php /var/www/dbupdate.php


  • Script to Backup mySQL DBs
  • To backup mySQL database = mysqldump -h localhost -u username -p database_name > backup_db.sql
  • To backup mySQL database with compression = mysqldump -h localhost -u username -p database_name | gzip -9 > backup_db.sql.gz
  • To restore mySQL database = mysql -h localhost -u username -p database_name < backup_db.sql


  • To restart apache2 = /etc/init.d/apache2 restart or apache2 -k restart
  • Config file location for apache2 = /etc/apache2/apache2.conf and /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/000-default and /etc/apache2/mods-enabled
  • Config line examples =
  • Configure htaccess
    • <Directory /var/www/dirpwd> AllowOverride FileInfo AuthConfig Limit </Directory>
  • AWStats - Docs - Stats
  • To compile awstats = /usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/cgi-bin# perl awstats.pl -config=d4g33m4n.webhop.net -update
  • To build awstats report = /user/local/awstats/wwwroot/cgi-bin# perl awstats.pl -config=d4g33m4n.webhop.net -output -staticlinks > awstats.mysite.html


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Page last modified on January 11, 2017, at 02:09 PM CST